Why do some people choose opportunistic rather than organized cancer screening? The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2012

Myung Il Hahm, Hsueh Fen Chen, Thaddeus Miller, Liam O'Neill, Hoo Yeon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Although the Korean government has implemented a universal screening program for common cancers, some individuals choose to participate in opportunistic screening programs. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify factors contributing to the selection of organized versus opportunistic screening by the Korean general population. Materials and Methods Data from 11,189 participants aged ≥ 40 years who participated in the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012) were analyzed in this study. Results A total of 6,843 of the participants (58.6%) underwent cancer screening, of which 6,019 (51.1%) participated in organized and 824 (7.5%) participated in opportunistic screening programs. Being female, older, highly educated, in the upper quartile of income, an ex-smoker, and a light drinker as well as having supplementary private health insurance and more comorbid conditions and engaging in moderate physical activity 1-4 days per week were related to participation in both types of screening programs. Being at least a high school graduate, in the upper quartile for income, and a light drinker, as well as having more comorbid conditions and engaging in moderate physical activities 1-4 days per week had a stronger effect on those undergoing opportunistic than organized screening. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that socioeconomic factors such as education and income, as well as health status factors such as health-related quality of life and number of comorbid conditions and health behaviors such as drinking and engaging in moderate physical activity 1-4 days per week had a stronger influence on participation in an opportunistic than in an organized screening program for cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-738
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Research and Treatment
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Early detection of cancer
  • Health behavior
  • Quality of life
  • Socioeconomic factors

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Why do some people choose opportunistic rather than organized cancer screening? The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2012'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this