Vasculitis secondary to presumptive leptospirosis treated with long-term corticosteroids in a captive lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis australis)

Katherine Fogelberg, Shannon T. Ferrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 2-yr-old female lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis australis) was presented for lethargy. Empirical antibiotic treatment appeared to improve its clinical signs, although no etiology for the symptoms was determined. The kudu again presented with lethargy, diffusely swollen limbs, and subcutaneous ecchymoses of 1 day's duration after completion of the initial therapy. Vasculitis secondary to presumptive leptospirosis infection was diagnosed based on a skin biopsy and decreasing paired serologic titers for Leptospira grippotyphosa. The vasculitis was responsive to intramuscular antibiotic therapy and dexamethasone treatment. This case provides evidence that corticosteroids can be used in ruminants at moderate doses for chronic treatment without clinically relevant detrimental effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-544
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2010

Keywords

  • Kudu
  • Tragelaphus imberbis
  • corticosteroids
  • leptospirosis
  • vasculitis

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