Objective. To use the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to evaluate the contribution of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control in predicting students' intention to attend class lectures in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum in which lecture recordings were available. Methods. A survey instrument based on the TPB was developed from focus groups with PharmD students. The survey was then distributed to first through third year students at the conclusion of the 2017-2018 academic school year. Respondents were asked to evaluate their beliefs regarding lecture attendance and their intention to attend lectures during the upcoming fall semester. Predictors of intention were evaluated using descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analyses. Results. Responses from 198 of 383 students contained usable data (52% effective response rate). The TPB constructs of attitude and subjective norm were predictors of high intention to attend lectures. Students with a positive attitude towards lecture attendance (eg, believed that purposeful active learning is desirable and occurs during class) were nearly 30% more likely to have high intention to attend lectures. Students with a positive subjective norm (ie, perceived social pressure from professors and classmates to attend lectures) were 66% more likely to have high intention to attend lectures. Perceived behavioral control was not associated with high intention to attend lectures. Conclusion. Interventions aimed at improving students' attitudes and subjective norm may be beneficial in improving students' intention to attend class lectures.