Using the Millon Behavioral Medicine diagnostic to delineate treatment outcomes in rehabilitation

Daisha J. Cipher, Anita K. Kurian, Kimberly G. Fulda, Richard Snider, Johann Van Beest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Patients undergoing rehabilitation have been evidenced to improve in different ways depending on their coping styles. Amplifiers, Repressors, and Social Copers are examples of patients who present differently in rehabilitation settings and tend to have differing levels of success in their response to treatment. The current study examined the differential treatment outcomes of three coping style groups undergoing multidisciplinary rehabilitation. A sample of 59 patients suffering from injuries associated with chronic pain were assessed using the Multidimensional Pain Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory before, during, and after multidisciplinary pain management treatment. Coping style groups derived from the Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic consisting of Amplifiers, Repressors, and Social Copers were compared with regard to reductions in depression, anxiety, pain, functional impairment, and associated outcomes. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that Amplifiers, Repressors, and Social Copers had varying levels of success in the treatment program. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses revealed the coping style groups to have significantly different change curves from pre to post-treatment in depression, anxiety, pain severity, functional impairment, affective distress, life control, social support, and soliciting help from others. These findings support prior research emphasizing the value of tailoring treatments in rehabilitation settings toward patients' coping styles in order to maximize outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-112
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2007


  • Coping style
  • Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic
  • Rehabilitation
  • Treatment outcome


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