Uses of the NIST 26plex STR assay for human identity testing

Peter M. Vallone, Carolyn R. Hill, Kristen E. Lewis, Toni M. Diegoli, Michael D. Coble, John M. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ongoing work at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology has focused on the characterization of 26 autosomal STR loci for human identity testing. These 26 loci are in addition to the existing 13 U.S. core loci and those found in PowerPlex16 and Identifiler commercial STR typing kits. The amplification of the 26 loci has been optimized for degraded extracts in unique miniplex panels and also for reference samples as a single reaction 26plex assay. A study has been performed comparing genotypes obtained with the 26plex primers to those with miniplex panels for allele drop out and concordance. The forensic utility of the 26plex assay was evaluated for situations where additional loci are beneficial. The utility of this large multiplex was also tested in a case involving DNA extracted from degraded bone samples. The 26plex can serve as a low-cost assay (compared to commercially available kits) useful for both sorting comingled remains and providing additional markers for increased statistical support for samples that require "non-trio" family references for human identification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-30
Number of pages2
JournalForensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Additional loci
  • Kinship
  • Multiplex
  • PCR
  • Paternity
  • STR


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