Two dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE to identify mitochondrial complex I subunits modified by 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE)

Jinzi Wu, Xiaoting Luo, Liang Jun Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) can form protein-linked HNE adducts, thereby impacting protein structure and function. Mitochondrial complex I (NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase), containing at least 45 subunits in mammalian cells, sits in a lipid-rich environment and is thus very susceptible to HNE modifications. In this paper, a procedure for the identification of HNE-modified complex I subunits is described. Complex I was isolated by first dimensional non-gradient blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE). The isolated complex I band, visualized by either Coomassie blue staining or silver staining, was further analyzed by second dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). HNE-modified proteins were visualized by Western blotting probed with anti-HNE antibodies. HNE-positive bands were then excised and the proteins contained in them were identified by mass spectrometric peptide sequencing. The method was successfully applied for the identification of two complex I subunits that showed enhanced HNE-modifications in diabetic kidney mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number098
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume6
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

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Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Proteins
Electron Transport Complex I
Native Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Silver Staining
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal
Lipid Peroxidation
Mitochondria
Western Blotting
Staining and Labeling
Kidney
Lipids
Peptides
Antibodies

Keywords

  • 4-hydroxynonenal
  • Blue native/SDS-PAGE
  • Diabetes
  • Mitochondria
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Streptozotocin

Cite this

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abstract = "The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) can form protein-linked HNE adducts, thereby impacting protein structure and function. Mitochondrial complex I (NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase), containing at least 45 subunits in mammalian cells, sits in a lipid-rich environment and is thus very susceptible to HNE modifications. In this paper, a procedure for the identification of HNE-modified complex I subunits is described. Complex I was isolated by first dimensional non-gradient blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE). The isolated complex I band, visualized by either Coomassie blue staining or silver staining, was further analyzed by second dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). HNE-modified proteins were visualized by Western blotting probed with anti-HNE antibodies. HNE-positive bands were then excised and the proteins contained in them were identified by mass spectrometric peptide sequencing. The method was successfully applied for the identification of two complex I subunits that showed enhanced HNE-modifications in diabetic kidney mitochondria.",
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Two dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE to identify mitochondrial complex I subunits modified by 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE). / Wu, Jinzi; Luo, Xiaoting; Yan, Liang Jun.

In: Frontiers in Physiology, Vol. 6, No. MAR, 098, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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