Trends in rates of suicide by decedent age over time: United States mortality data, 1960-2007

Shande Chen, Sumihiro Suzuki, A. Podawitz, C. A. Claassen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As calculated using health gap summary measures, suicide is predicted to rank as the fourteenth most burdensome global health condition by the year 2020, and suicide rates are still climbing rapidly in many countries of the world. Unfortunately, the unique and challenging methodological issues which confront clinical suicide epidemiologists complicate investigations which could potentially inform suicide prevention efforts. There is, for instance, a popular, albeit largely unexplored, theory that environmental and biological influences impact suicidal behavior differentially by age group. However, neither the validity of the theory itself nor the potential mediators of the age-suicide relationship are well explicated. The usual approach to age group analysis for suicide decedents is to use fixed intervals (e.g., five-year intervals) to define age groups. However, when the data are available for many years, the suicide rate can vary over time for a given age group, and displaying the rate over time for multiple age groups can be confusing. In this paper, we use a method of cluster analysis to derive internally consistent age groups which exhibit distinct changing patterns across time. The method is applied to the US suicide data between 1960 and 2007.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMODSIM 2011 - 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future
Subtitle of host publicationUnderstanding and Living with Uncertainty
Pages173-178
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011
Event19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty, MODSIM2011 - Perth, WA, Australia
Duration: 12 Dec 201116 Dec 2011

Publication series

NameMODSIM 2011 - 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty

Other

Other19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty, MODSIM2011
CountryAustralia
CityPerth, WA
Period12/12/1116/12/11

Keywords

  • Decedent age
  • Epidemiology
  • Mortality
  • Suicide

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    Chen, S., Suzuki, S., Podawitz, A., & Claassen, C. A. (2011). Trends in rates of suicide by decedent age over time: United States mortality data, 1960-2007. In MODSIM 2011 - 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty (pp. 173-178). (MODSIM 2011 - 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty).