Translation of polarity cues into asymmetric spindle positioning in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos

Kelly Colombo, Stephan W. Grill, Randall J. Kimple, Francis S. Willard, David P. Siderovski, Pierre Gönczy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asymmetric divisions are crucial for generating cell diversity; they rely on coupling between polarity cues and spindle positioning, but how this coupling is achieved is poorly understood. In one-cell stage Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, polarity cues set by the PAR proteins mediate asymmetric spindle positioning by governing an imbalance of net pulling forces acting on spindle poles. We found that the GoLoco-containing proteins GPR-1 and GPR-2, as well as the Gα subunits GOA-1 and GPA-16, were essential for generation of proper pulling forces. GPR-1/2 interacted with guanosine diphosphate-bound GOA-1 and were enriched on the posterior cortex in a par-3- and par-2-dependent manner. Thus, the extent of net pulling forces may depend on cortical Gα activity, which is regulated by anterior-posterior polarity cues through GPR-1/2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1957-1961
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume300
Issue number5627
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2003

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