Therapeutic effectiveness of voluntary heart rate control in reducing anxiety

Robert J. Gatchel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Demonstrates the therapeutic effectiveness of heart rate control training in the treatment of a phobia. The S was a male college student who experienced a high degree of anxiety in association with receiving injections. S received 14 1-hr sessions of biofeedback training over the course of 2 mo and was encouraged to practice heart rate control between sessions. A time-series analysis of pretreatment and posttreatment assessment indicated significant fear reduction due to the biofeedback intervention. Results serve to further illustrate that learned control of heart rate deceleration is an effective self-control skill for coping with anxiety. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-691
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 1977


  • heart rate biofeedback training, anxiety reduction, male college student with fear of receiving injections

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