An extensive literature has demonstrated that many adolescents and young adultsengage in drinking behavior, resulting in acute and chronic negative consequences (e.g.,unintentional injuries, arguments, unplanned and/or unprotected sexual activities, troublewith police/authorities, poor academic/work performance, suicide, and death), andalcohol dependence. Social influence is foremost among the causes attributed to theinitiation and maintenance of alcohol use during this period. This chapter reviews anumber of prominent theories of social influence that are directly relevant to drinkingbehavior among adolescents and young adults. For each theory, a brief description isprovided, followed by relevant research related to adolescent and young adult drinking. Theoretical implications for preventative interventions are also discussed. Highlightedtheories include: social learning theory, social cognitive theory, alcohol expectancytheory, problem behavior theory, social comparison theory, social identity theory, selfderogationtheory, the theory of reasoned action, the theory of planned behavior,prototype willingness model, deviance regulation theory, peer cluster theory, andreactance theory.
|Title of host publication||Social Drinking|
|Subtitle of host publication||Uses, Abuses and Psychological Factors|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||40|
|State||Published - 2009|