The “Warm Zone” Cases

Environmental Monitoring Immediately Outside the Fire Incident Response Arena by Firefighters

Alberto J. Caban-Martinez, Bob Kropa, Neal Niemczyk, Kevin J. Moore, Jeramy Baum, Natasha Schaefer Solle, David Sterling, Erin N. Kobetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Hazardous work zones (i.e., hot, warm, and cold) are typically established by emergency response teams during hazardous materials (HAZMAT) calls but less consistently for fire responses to segment personnel and response activities in the immediate geographic area around the fire. Despite national guidelines, studies have documented the inconsistent use of respiratory protective equipment by firefighters at the fire scene. In this case-series report, we describe warm zone gas levels using multigas detectors across five independent fire incident responses all occurring in a large South Florida fire department. Multigas detector data collected at each fire response indicate the presence of sustained levels of volatile organic compounds in the “warm zone” of each fire event. These cases suggest that firefighters should not only implement strategies for multigas detector use within the warm zone but also include respiratory protection to provide adequate safety from toxic exposures in the warm zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-355
Number of pages4
JournalSafety and Health at Work
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Firefighters
Environmental Monitoring
incident
Fires
monitoring
Monitoring
fire department
Detectors
hazardous material
Hazardous Substances
Volatile Organic Compounds
Hazardous materials
personnel
Poisons
Volatile organic compounds
event
Emergencies
Gases
Personnel
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Firefighters
  • Multigas detectors
  • Respiratory protection
  • Warm zone

Cite this

Caban-Martinez, A. J., Kropa, B., Niemczyk, N., Moore, K. J., Baum, J., Solle, N. S., ... Kobetz, E. N. (2018). The “Warm Zone” Cases: Environmental Monitoring Immediately Outside the Fire Incident Response Arena by Firefighters. Safety and Health at Work, 9(3), 352-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2017.12.003
Caban-Martinez, Alberto J. ; Kropa, Bob ; Niemczyk, Neal ; Moore, Kevin J. ; Baum, Jeramy ; Solle, Natasha Schaefer ; Sterling, David ; Kobetz, Erin N. / The “Warm Zone” Cases : Environmental Monitoring Immediately Outside the Fire Incident Response Arena by Firefighters. In: Safety and Health at Work. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 352-355.
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The “Warm Zone” Cases : Environmental Monitoring Immediately Outside the Fire Incident Response Arena by Firefighters. / Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.; Kropa, Bob; Niemczyk, Neal; Moore, Kevin J.; Baum, Jeramy; Solle, Natasha Schaefer; Sterling, David; Kobetz, Erin N.

In: Safety and Health at Work, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 352-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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