The SCL-90R evaluated as an alternative tothe mmpi for psychological screening ofchronic low-back pain patients

Regina K. Kinney, Robert Joseph Gatchel, Tom G. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The efficacy of using the SCL-90R as an alternative measure to the MMPI in the psychological screening of chronic low-back pain (CLBP) patients was investigated. The MMPI and the SCL-90R were administered to 99 CLBP patients (63 men and 36 women) at the time of admission to a functional restoration treatment program. The SCL- 90R was readministered after successful completion of the treatment program. Analyses indicated that there were significant changes on almost all SCL-90R clinical scales from pretreatment to post-treatment (P<0.01). Moreover, there were adequate levels of correlation between corresponding MMPI and SCL-90R scales (r ranged from 0.35 to 0.51). However, analyses of the interscale correlations of the SCL-90R indicated that it may be a single-factor instrument that assesses general psychological distress. It was suggested that the SCL-90R may be used as a screening device for psychological distress in CLBP patients, but if more detailed information about the patients’ psychological condition is needed, the MMPI will be a more useful instrument.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-942
Number of pages3
JournalSpine
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991

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MMPI
Low Back Pain
Psychology
Therapeutics
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Chronic low-back pain
  • MMPI
  • Psychopathology
  • SCL-90R

Cite this

Kinney, Regina K. ; Gatchel, Robert Joseph ; Mayer, Tom G. / The SCL-90R evaluated as an alternative tothe mmpi for psychological screening ofchronic low-back pain patients. In: Spine. 1991 ; Vol. 16, No. 8. pp. 940-942.
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The SCL-90R evaluated as an alternative tothe mmpi for psychological screening ofchronic low-back pain patients. / Kinney, Regina K.; Gatchel, Robert Joseph; Mayer, Tom G.

In: Spine, Vol. 16, No. 8, 01.01.1991, p. 940-942.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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