The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative efficacy of different biopsychosocial treatment conditions on patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder. Ninety-four patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder were assigned to either a biofeedback treatment group, a cognitive-behavioral skills training (CBST) treatment group, a combined (combination of biofeedback/CBST) treatment group, or a no-treatment control group. Pain scores were analyzed pretreatment and posttreatment to determine group and within-subjects treatment effects. Results demonstrated that, in terms of a self-reported pain score, all three treatment groups had significantly decreased pain scores from pretreatment to posttreatment, while the no-treatment group did not. Moreover, patients in the biofeedback group were the most significantly improved compared to the no-treatment group. Finally, participants in the three treatment groups displayed significant improvement in mood states.
- Biopsychosocial perspective
- Cognitive- behavioral skills training
- RDC/TMD diagnosis
- Temporomandibular disorder