The relationships among depression, pain, and masticatory functioning in temporomandibular disorder patients

Robert Joseph Gatchel, Anna W. Stowell, Peter Buschang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effect of comorbid depression and pain on an early biopsychosocial intervention for acute temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. Methods: Depressed (either current or lifetime; n = 32) or nondepressed (n = 31) acute TMD patients received a biopsychosocial intervention, and were evaluated at preintervention and again 12 months postintervention by Characteristic Pain Intensity, the Beck Depression Inventory, and a masticatory function test. Results: Findings revealed that both depressed and nondepressed patients reported comparable pain decreases at 12 months postintervention. Moreover, there were no significant differences between patient groups in masticatory function. Conclusion: With appropriate early biopsychosocial intervention, acute TMD patients, regardless of the presence or absence of vulnerability to depression symptomatology, can be effectively treated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-296
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orofacial Pain
Volume20
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Biopsychosocial
  • Depression
  • Intervention
  • Masticatory function
  • Pain
  • Temporomandibular disorders

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