The R6A-1 peptide binds to switch II of Gαi1 but is not a GDP-dissociation inhibitor

Francis S. Willard, David P. Siderovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heterotrimeric G-proteins are molecular switches that convert signals from membrane receptors into changes in intracellular physiology. Recently, several peptides that bind heterotrimeric G-protein α subunits have been isolated including the novel Gαi1 • GDP binding peptides R6A and KB-752. The R6A peptide and its minimized derivative R6A-1 interact with Gαi1 • GDP. Based on spectroscopic analysis of BODIPYFL-GTPγS binding to Gαi1, it has been reported that R6A-1 has guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI) activity against Gαi1 [W.W. Ja, R.W. Roberts, Biochemistry 43 (28) (2004) 9265-9275]. Using radioligand binding, we show that R6A-1 is not a GDI for Gαi1 subunits. Furthermore, we demonstrate that R6A-1 reduces the fluorescence quantum yield of the Gαi1-BODIPYFL-GTPγS complex, thus explaining the previously reported GDI activity as a fluorescence artifact. We further show that R6A-1 has significant sequence similarity to the guanine nucleotide exchange factor peptide KB-752 that binds to switch II of Gαi1. We use competitive binding analysis to show that R6A-1 also binds to switch II of Gα subunits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1107-1112
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume339
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Jan 2006

Keywords

  • BODIPYFL-GTPγS
  • G-protein
  • GDI
  • GoLoco motif
  • Guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor
  • KB-752
  • R6A
  • R6A-1
  • Switch region

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