The multifaceted role of T cell-mediated immunity in pathogenesis and resistance to mycoplasma respiratory disease

Nicole A. Dobbs, Adam N. Odeh, Xiangle Sun, Jerry W. Simecka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycoplasma respiratory diseases have a significant impact on the economy, health and wildlife. The hallmark of these diseases is the persistence of the mycoplasma infections and chronic inflammatory responses associated with the airways. There is still much that needs to be understood about the immune mechanisms involved in mycoplasma disease and resistance from infection. It is clear that immune responses can contribute to the generation of inflammatory lesions in mycoplasma respiratory disease, as well as provide protection from infection and extrapulmonary dissemination of the organisms. The evolution of this lung disease is under the control innate immune mechanisms and the contrasting effects of different T cell populations. The mechanisms of immunity involved in mycoplasma diseases are multifaceted, and a fascinating story of its complexity is being uncovered. Research in mycoplasma respiratory diseases have underscored the idea that immunity along the respiratory tract against infectious agents is a dynamic process and involves a network of cellular and cytokine signals that determine the type of responses generated, and ultimately, the outcome of infection. The aim of this article is to present an overview of our work on mycoplasma disease and immunity, focusing on the interactions and regulation of T cell responses that influence disease pathogenesis. We will first provide an overview of immune mechanisms involved in controlling infection and participate in the generation of T cell responses, and the role of T cell populations in generating protection and contributing to lesion development will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalCurrent Trends in Immunology
Volume10
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Immunity
  • Mycoplasma disease
  • T cells

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