The Influence of Organizational Culture on School-Based Obesity Prevention Interventions: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Kayla N. Fair, Kayce D. Solari Williams, Judith Warren, E. Lisako Jones McKyer, Marcia G. Ory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although the influence of organizational culture has been examined on a variety of student outcomes, few studies consider the influence that culture may have on school-based obesity prevention interventions. We present a systematic review of the literature to examine how elements of organizational culture may affect the adoption, implementation, and sustainability of school-based obesity prevention interventions. METHODS: Fourteen studies examining the impact of organizational-level characteristics on school-based obesity prevention interventions were identified through the online databases EBSCO (CINAHL, ERIC, Agricola), Web of Science, Medline (PubMed), and Scopus. RESULTS: Five themes were identified as elements of organizational culture that influence the adoption, implementation, and sustainability of school-based obesity prevention interventions: organizational response to limited resources, value placed on staff training and professional development, internal support, organizational values, and school climate. CONCLUSIONS: Organizational culture can greatly influence the success of school-based obesity interventions. The collection of data related to organizational-level factors may be used to identify strategies for creating and sustaining a supportive environment for obesity prevention interventions in the school setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-473
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • organizational culture
  • school culture
  • school-based obesity prevention

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