The impact of grantsmanship self-efficacy on early stage investigators of the national research mentoring network steps toward academic research (NRMN STAR)

Roland J. Thorpe, Jamboor K. Vishwanatha, Eileen M. Harwood, Edward L. Krug, Thad Unold, Kristin Eide Boman, Harlan P. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The NRMN STAR program was created to address the persistent underrepresentation in grant submissions and receipt of National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards by racial/ethnic minority groups. In our current study, we assessed program impact on trainees' self-efficacy related to grant writing. The program was conducted with two cohorts: one in June 2014 and one in June 2015. We used a 19-item grant writing self-efficacy scale drawn from the 88-item Clinical Research Assessment Inventory of three domains (conceptualizing, designing, and funding a study) to predict whether self-efficacy influences researchers' grant submissions. Trainees were assessed prior to and following program completion with subsequent assessments at 6 and 12 months beyond participation. The majority of trainees were Black (62%), female (62%), and had obtained a PhD (90%). More than half (52%) were assistant professors and 57% had none or <1 year of research experience beyond postdoctoral training. However, 24% of trainees reported no postdoctoral research training. NRMN STAR trainees' self-efficacy significantly improved on all three domains exhibiting a 2.0-point mean change score on two domains (conceptualizing and design) and 3.7 point mean change score on the domain, funding a study. Findings suggest that NRMN's STAR provides impactful, confidence-building training for diverse, early stage investigators with little-to-no skills, experiences, or low self-efficacy in writing research grants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Biomedical Workforce Diversity
  • Career Coaching
  • Grant Writing
  • Grantsmanship
  • NRMN STAR
  • Research Training and Mentoring
  • Self-Efficacy

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