The impact of comorbid depression-diabetes on proteomic outcomes among community-dwelling Mexican Americans with mild cognitive impairment

Leigh Ann Johnson, Fan Zhang, Stephanie Large, James Hall, Sidney E. O'bryant

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Abstract

Background: Mexican Americans suffer from a disproportionate burden of modifiable risk factors, which may contribute to the health disparities in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD).Objective: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the impact of comorbid depression and diabetes on proteomic outcomes among community-dwelling Mexican American adults and elders.Methods: Data from participants enrolled in the Health and Aging Brain among Latino Elders study was utilized. Participants were 50 or older and identified as Mexican American (N = 514). Cognition was assessed via neuropsychological test battery and diagnoses of MCI and AD adjudicated by consensus review. The sample was stratified into four groups: Depression only, Neither depression nor diabetes, Diabetes only, and Comorbid depression and diabetes. Proteomic profiles were created via support vector machine analyses.Results: In Mexican Americans, the proteomic profile of MCI may change based upon the presence of diabetes. The profile has a strong inflammatory component and diabetes increases metabolic markers in the profile.Conclusion: Medical comorbidities may impact the proteomics of MCI and AD, which lend support for a precision medicine approach to treating this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Mexican Americans
  • depression
  • diabetes mellitus
  • proteomics

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