The Effects of an Early Intervention Program on Physical Symptoms in an Acute Temporomandibular Disorder Population: A Preliminary Study

Celeste Sanders, Angela Liegey-Dougall, Kara Lorduy, Robbie Haggard, Robert Joseph Gatchel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current preliminary study investigated the relative effectiveness of an early intervention program on self-reported pain, pain-related disability, emotional distress, and symptoms of temporomandibular joint and muscle disorder (TMJMD) as defined by the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). These included symptoms of Axis I Group I muscle disorders, Group II disc displacements, and Group III bone deficiencies. Participants were 271 patients recruited from community dental clinics within a large major metropolitan area. Participants at a high risk for chronicity were randomly assigned to a high-risk self-care intervention or a high-risk biobehavioral intervention and were evaluated for their responsiveness immediately following treatment. As predicted, several symptoms of TMD were significantly reduced immediately following the intervention. Though these results are preliminary, it is implicated that the intervention may lead to symptom improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-230
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013

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