The β-glycosidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus: Enzyme activity and conformational dynamics at temperatures above 100°C

Sabato D'Auria, Roberto Nucci, Mose' Rossi, Ignacy Gryczynski, Zygmunt Gryczynski, Joseph R. Lakowicz

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Abstract

Enzymes from thermophilic organisms are stable and active at temperatures which rapidly denature mesophilic proteins. However, there is not yet a complete understanding of the structural basis of their thermostability and thermoactivity since for each protein there seems to exist special networks of interactions that make it stable under the desired conditions. Here we have investigated the activity and conformational dynamics above 100°C of the β-glycosidase isolated from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. This has been made possible using a special stainless steel optical pressure cell which allowed us to perform enzyme assays and fluorescence measurements up to 160°C without boiling the sample. The β-glycosidase from S. solfataricus showed maximal activity at 125°C. The time-resolved fluorescence studies showed that the intrinsic tryptophanyl fluorescence emission of the protein was represented by a bimodal distribution with Lorential shape and that temperature strongly affected the protein conformational dynamics. Remarkably, the tryptophan emission reveals that the indolic residues remain shielded from the solvent even at 125°C, as shown by shielding from quenching and restricted tryptophan solubility. The relationship between enzyme activity and protein structural dynamics is discussed. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalBiophysical Chemistry
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Archaeon
  • Enzyme activity
  • Frequency domain fluorometry
  • Thermophilic enzyme
  • β-glycosidase

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