Temporomandibular disorders: Evidence for significant overlap with psychopathology

Mary Kight, Robert J. Gatchel, La Vonne Wesley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Data were analyzed for 277 acute and chronic temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients to determine if there was a relationship between psychological and physical diagnoses. A significant (p < .01) relationship existed among the following: combined past or current mood disorder-personality disorder and muscle disorder; combined current mood, anxiety, or substance use disorder-personality disorder and muscle disorder; and combined current anxiety disorder-personality disorder and muscle disorder. This study further confirmed other research that has found that significant psychopathology exists in TMD. More important, this psychopathology appears to be linked primarily to muscle disorders, as opposed to disc or joint disorders, within the rubric of TMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1999


  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) diagnoses
  • Psychological-physical interface
  • Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders diagnoses
  • Temporomandibular disorder


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