17β-O-Alkyl ethers (methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, hexyl, and octyl) of estradiol were obtained from 3-O-benzyl-17β-estradiol with sodium hydride/alkyl halide, followed by the removal of the O-benzyl protecting group via catalytic transfer hydrogenation. An increase compared to estradiol in the protection of neural (HT-22) cells against oxidative stress due to exposure of glutamate was furnished by higher (C-3 to C-8) alkyl ethers, while methyl and ethyl ethers decreased the neuroprotective effect significantly. Lipophilic (butyl and octyl) ethers blocking the phenolic hydroxyl (3-OH) of A-ring were inactive.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|State||Published - 4 Jan 2001|