Synthesis and behavioral evaluation of a chemical brain-targeting system for a thyrotropin-releasing hormone analogue

Laszlo Prokai, Xudong Ouyang, Katalin Prokai-Tatrai, James W. Simpkins, Nicholas Bodor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A chemical brain-targeting system, in which a redox 1,4-dihydropyridine mutually implies pyridinium function serves as a targeting moiety and a cholesteryl ester contributes to the improved penetration across the blood- brain barrier, was synthesized for a centrally active TRH analogue, pGlu-Leu- Pro-NH2. Our retrometabolic design was also based on the progenitor sequence, Gln-Leu-Pro-Gly, where the C-terminal glycine (Gly) functions as an amide precursor via peptidyl glycine α-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) and glutamine (Gln) is the precursor of the N-terminal pyroglutamyl (pGlu) by glutaminyl cyclase. The molecular design included an endopeptidase (post- proline cleaving enzyme) cleavable spacer function. Treatment with the chemical targeting system significantly improved memory-related behavior, without altering thyroid function, in a passive avoidance paradigm in rats bearing bilateral fimbrial lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-886
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1998

Keywords

  • Brain-targeting
  • Memory improvement
  • Retrometabolic design
  • TRH analogue

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