Supersized alcopop related calls in the National Poison Data System, 2010–2019

Matthew E. Rossheim, Melvin D. Livingston, Andrew Walker, Nicole E. Reid, Lindsy Liu, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Supersized alcopops are single-serving high-alcohol-content beverages frequently consumed by underage drinkers. However, little data exist regarding the public health burden of supersized alcopops during the last decade. The current study examined the characteristics of calls to U.S. poison control centers involving supersized alcopops. This study also compared the proportion of calls for underage consumers between calls involving consumption of supersized alcopops and calls involving other types of alcohol (e.g., liquor, beer, wine). Methods: Data from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) repository of calls to U.S. poison control centers were analyzed. Results: Between 2010 and 2019, poison control centers received 1719 calls for exposures to supersized alcopops. Nearly one-half of calls involving supersized alcopop consumption (46.3 %) were made for consumers who were below the legal drinking age. In all years, the proportion of calls for supersized alcopops that were for underage exposures greatly exceeded the proportion of calls that were for underage exposures for other types of alcohol. For those 0–11 years of age, 91 % of supersized alcopop exposures were unintentional; however, for each other age group, at least 84 % of exposures were intentional. Supersized alcopop exposures involved a co-ingested product in more than 80 % of cases among patients of legal drinking age and less than 50 % of cases among patient under legal drinking age. Conclusions: Compared to other alcohol products, calls to U.S poison control centers for supersized alcopops disproportionately involved underage drinkers. To protect youth, improved regulation of supersized alcopop products is urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108657
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume222
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC)
  • Supersized alcopops
  • Surveillance and monitoring
  • Underage drinking

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