Sequential extraction of human spleen membranes with sodium cholate and n-butanol removes endogenous lipids and renders glucocerebrosidase activity dependent upon exogenous acidic lipids (e.g., phosphatidylserine, gangliosides) and a heat-stable activator protein (HSF). In the present report, we show that two previously untested lysosomal acidic lipids, namely sulfogalactocerebroside and bis-(monoacylglyceryl)-phosphate (BMP), also activate normal human glucocerebrosidase. In addition, sulfogalactocerebroside also markedly enhanced the activity of glucocerebrosidase isolated from a patient with type 1 (non-neuronopathic) Gaucher's disease, resulting in a specific activity which was 60-80% that of control glucocerebrosidase. Furthermore, when the sulfolipid was used as the activator, glucocerebrosidase from the type 1 patient was 30 times more active than the corresponding glucocerebrosidase from a person with type 2 (neuronopathic) Gaucher's disease. In contrast, the two BMPs, one rich in C26 saturated fatty acid and another rich in C18 unsaturated fatty acids, were relatively poor activators of both mutant glucocerebrosidases while providing excellent reconstitution of control activity.
- Gaucher's disease
- Heat-stable factor