Store-operated Ca2+ channel signaling: Novel mechanism for podocyte injury in kidney disease

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

Studies over the last decade have markedly broadened our understanding of store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) and their roles in kidney diseases and podocyte dysfunction. Podocytes are terminally differentiated glomerular visceral epithelial cells which are tightly attached to the glomerular capillary basement membrane. Podocytes and their unique foot processes (pedicels) constitute the outer layer of the glomerular filtration membrane and the final barrier preventing filtration of albumin and other plasma proteins. Diabetic nephropathy and other renal diseases are associated with podocyte injury and proteinuria. Recent evidence demonstrates a pivotal role of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) in maintaining structural and functional integrity of podocytes. This article reviews the current knowledge of SOCE and its contributions to podocyte physiology. Recent studies of the contributions of SOC dysfunction to podocyte injury in both cell culture and animal models are discussed, including work in our laboratory. Several downstream signaling pathways mediating SOC function in podocytes also are examined. Understanding the pivotal roles of SOC in podocyte health and disease is essential, as SOCE-activated signaling pathways are potential treatment targets for podocyte injury-related kidney diseases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Ca signaling
  • kidney disease
  • Orai1
  • podocyte
  • proteinuria
  • STIM1
  • store-operated Ca channel

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