The therapeutic use of glucocorticoids can cause steroid-induced ocular hypertension that can lead to secondary glaucoma in susceptible individuals. This elevated intraocular pressure is due to increased aqueous outflow resistance and is associated with morphological and biochemical changes to the trabecular meshwork (TM); moreover, many of these changes mimic what occurs in primary open-angle glaucoma. Glucocorticoids have a wide variety of effects on the TM, altering extracellular matrix metabolism, the cytoskeleton, gene and protein expression, as well as inhibiting TM cell functions. This article summarizes what is known about steroid glaucoma and the effects of glucocorticoids on the TM and points out the remaining challenges for identifying the molecular mechanisms responsible for steroid-induced ocular hypertension.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of the Eye|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2010|
- Trabecular meshwork