Sphere formation permits oct4 reprogramming of ciliary body epithelial cells into induced pluripotent stem cells

Aiguo Ni, Ming Jing Wu, Sai H. Chavala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Somatic cells can be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells by defined sets of transcription factors. We previously described reprogramming of monolayer-cultured adult mouse ciliary body epithelial (CE) cells by Oct4 and Klf4, but not with Oct4 alone. In this study, we report that Oct4 alone is sufficient to reprogram CE cells to iPS cells through sphere formation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that sphere formation induces a partial reprogramming state characterized by expression of retinal progenitor markers, upregulation of reprogramming transcription factors, such as Sall4 and Nanog, demethylation in the promoter regions of pluripotency associated genes, and mesenchymal to epithelial transition. The Oct4-iPS cells maintained normal karyotypes, expressed markers for pluripotent stem cells, and were capable of differentiating into derivatives of all three embryonic germ layers in vivo and in vitro. These findings suggest that sphere formation may render somatic cells more susceptible to reprogramming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3065-3071
Number of pages7
JournalStem Cells and Development
Volume23
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2014

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