Short-term high-glucose treatment decreased abundance of Orai1 protein through posttranslational mechanisms in rat Mesangial cells

Hui Jiang, Shubiao Zou, Sarika Chaudhari, Rong Ma

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The short-term effect of high-glucose (HG) treatment on store-operated Ca 2+ entry in mesangial cells (MCs) is not well-known. The aim of the present study was to determine whether and how HG treatment for a short period altered protein abundance of Orai1, the channel mediating store-operated Ca 2+ entry in MCs. Rat and human MCs were exposed to HG (25 mM) for 2, 4, 8, and 24 h, and the abundance of Orai1 protein was significantly decreased at the time points of 8 and 16 h. Consistently, HG treatment for 8 h significantly reduced store-operated Ca 2+ entry in rat MCs. However, HG treatment for the same time periods did not alter the levels of Orai1 transcript. Cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, did not affect the HG-induced decrease of Orai1 protein, suggesting a posttranslational mechanism was involved. However, the HG effect on Orai1 protein was significantly attenuated by MG132 (a ubiquitin-proteasome inhibitor) and NH 4 Cl (a lysosomal pathway inhibitor). Furthermore, HG treatment for 8 h stimulated ubiquitination of Orai1 protein. We further found that polyethylene glycol-catalase, an antioxidant, significantly blunted the HG-induced reduction of Orai1 protein. In support of involvement of reactive oxygen species in the HG effects, hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) itself significantly decreased abundance of Orai1 protein and increased the level of ubiquitinated Orai1. Taken together, these results suggest that a short-term HG treatment decreased abundance of Orai1 protein in MCs by promoting the protein degradation through the ubiquitination-proteasome and –lysosome mechanisms. This HG-stimulated posttranslational mechanism was mediated by H 2 O 2 .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F855-F863
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018



  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Mesangial cells
  • Orai1
  • Store-operated Ca entry
  • Ubiquitination

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