Sex differences in functional and molecular neuroimaging biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in cognitively normal older adults with subjective memory complaints

INSIGHT-preAD Study Group, the Alzheimer Precision Medicine Initiative (APMI)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Observational multimodal neuroimaging studies indicate sex differences in Alzheimer's disease pathophysiological markers. Methods: Positron emission tomography brain amyloid load, neurodegeneration (hippocampus and basal forebrain volumes adjusted to total intracranial volume, cortical thickness, and 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-D-glucose–positron emission tomography metabolism), and brain resting-state functional connectivity were analyzed in 318 cognitively intact older adults from the INSIGHT-preAD cohort (female n = 201, male n = 117). A linear mixed-effects model was performed to investigate sex effects and sex∗apolipoprotein E genotype interaction on each marker as well as sex∗amyloid group interaction for non-amyloid markers. Results: Men compared with women showed higher anterior cingulate cortex amyloid load (P =.009), glucose hypometabolism in the precuneus (P =.027), posterior cingulate (P <.001) and inferior parietal (P =.043) cortices, and lower resting-state functional connectivity in the default mode network (P =.024). No brain volumetric markers showed differences between men and women. Sex∗apolipoprotein E genotype and sex∗amyloid status interactions were not significant. Discussion: Our findings suggest that cognitively intact older men compared with women have higher resilience to pathophysiological processes of Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1215
Number of pages12
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • APOE
  • Aging
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • Basal forebrain
  • Cognitively intact older individuals
  • Cortical thickness
  • FDG-PET
  • Hippocampus
  • Metabolism
  • Sex

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