Sex differences in blood pressure response to intermittent hypoxia in rats.

Carmen Hinojosa-Laborde, Steven W. Mifflin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Intermittent hypoxia is used to mimic the arterial hypoxemia that occurs during sleep apnea. The present study examined the blood pressure and heart rate responses to exposure to intermittent hypoxia in male rats and in female rats before and after ovariectomy. Rats were instrumented with telemetry transmitters and blood pressure, heart rate, and activity measured during 7 days of exposure to intermittent hypoxia (3 minutes of normoxia [21% oxygen] alternating with 3 minutes 10% oxygen between 8 am and 4 pm, remainder of day at normoxia). Blood pressure increased in males, females, and ovariectomized females in response to 7 days of intermittent hypoxia during the hours of exposure to hypoxia. Blood pressure increased less in intact females (average change in blood pressure 1.6+/-0.6 mm Hg, n=11) than in females studied after ovariectomy (5.1+/-1.1 mm Hg, n=6) or males (5.4+/-1.0 mm Hg, n=10). This elevated blood pressure persisted throughout the remainder of the day when the animals were not exposed to intermittent hypoxia and remained significantly attenuated in female rats. Ovariectomy abolished the protection against the elevated blood pressure response to intermittent hypoxia in females. Heart rate increased only in males, and only during the period of the day associated with intermittent hypoxia. Female rats were protected against this tachycardia independent of the ovarian hormones. These results indicate that females are protected from the hypertensive and tachycardia effects of intermittent hypoxia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1021
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2005


Dive into the research topics of 'Sex differences in blood pressure response to intermittent hypoxia in rats.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this