Self-Reported Depressive Symptoms Have Minimal Effect on Executive Functioning Performance in Children and Adolescents

Benjamin D. Hill, Danielle M. Ploetz, Judith R. O'Jile, Mary Bodzy, Karen A. Holler, Martin L. Rohling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relation between mood and executive functioning in children and adolescents has not been previously reported. This study examined the association between self-reported depressive symptoms in both clinical outpatient and psychiatric inpatient samples to the following measures of executive functioning: the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Animal Naming, Trail Making Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Records from children and adolescents aged 7-17 years old with an IQ > 70 were examined. Data were gathered at either an outpatient neuropsychology clinic (n = 89) or an inpatient psychiatric hospital setting (n = 81). Mood was measured with the Children's Depression Inventory. Generally, statistical associations between self-reported depressive symptoms and executive functioning were small and non-significant. The variance predicted by mood on measures of executive functioning was minimal (generally less than 2 %) for the total sample, the outpatient group, inpatient group, and a subgroup who endorsed elevated mood symptoms. These results suggest that impaired performance on measures of executive functioning in children and adolescents is minimally related to self-reported depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-404
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Cognitive ability
  • Depression
  • Executive functioning
  • Mood
  • Neuropsychological assessment

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