The effects of nisoldipine administration on vascular reactivity to humoral and neural vasoconstrictor stimuli were examined in the intact rat. For these experiments, rats were instrumented with miniaturized pulsed Doppler flow probes to allow continuous measurement of renal, mesenteric, and hindquarters blood flow. In conscious and anesthetized rats, intravenous doses of angiotensin II (75 and 150 ng/kg), norepinephrine (0.6 and 1.2 μg/kg), and epinephrine (0.6 and 1.2 μg/kg) caused dose-dependent increases in arterial pressure and renal and mesenteric vascular resistance. Nisoldipine (0.7 μg/min) administration significantly attentuated (p < 0.05) the pressor and regional vasoconstrictor actions of all three circulating pressor agents; however, nisoldipine infusion had little effect on neurally mediated regional vasoconstrictor responses elicited by electrical stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus or greater splanchnic nerve. These data indicate that nisoldipine depressed vascular responsiveness to humoral vasoconstrictor agents, while neural vasoconstrictor responses were unaffected. Thus nisoldipine appears to exert preferential antagonistic effects on humoral rather than on neural vasoconstrictor stimuli.
- Angiotensin II neural vasoconstriction
- Calcium entry blockers
- Regional vascular resistance
- Vascular reactivity