Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of KP-1461 in Phase I Clinical Studies: A Single Oral Dose Study in Non-HIV-Infected Adults, and a 14-Day Dose-Escalating Study in Highly Antiretroviral-Experienced HIV-Infected Adults

Patrick G. Clay, Marypeace Mcrae, Jean Pierre Laurent

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: KP-1461 is a prodrug to KP-1212. KP-1212 is a viral mutagen designed to increase viral error rate. Methods: We describe 2 phase I studies: KP1461-101 (double-blind, placebo-controlled, single, escalating doses, 100 to 1600 mg study in 42 non-HIV-infected participants) and KP-1461-102 (double-blind placebo-controlled dose escalation 14-day study in HIV-infected participants, 400-3200 mg). Primary objectives were safety/tolerability. Secondary objectives included pharmacokinetic analysis with exploratory objective to characterize KP-1212 effects on viral load. Results: KP-1461 was well tolerated. Majority of adverse events were grade 1 (neurological, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular). Four participants experienced grade 3 and 1 experienced a grade 4 event. Analysis demonstrated no difference in pharmacokinetic parameters at day 1 or 14. Linear pharmacokinetics found in 1600 mg arm. Compared to placebo, only at the 3200 mg dose demonstrated a marginally statistically significant virologic response. Conclusions: These studies provide safety/tolerability information and suggest virologic efficacy. KP-1212, a first-in-class antiretroviral, demonstrates the ability to induce viral eradication in vitro. Viral reduction in vivo may foretell a paradigm shift in HIV pharmacotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (JIAPAC)
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • KP-1212
  • KP-1461
  • antiretroviral
  • pharmacokinetics
  • phase I

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