Role of the p63-FoxN1 regulatory axis in thymic epithelial cell homeostasis during aging

P. Burnley, M. Rahman, H. Wang, Z. Zhang, X. Sun, Q. Zhuge, D. M. Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The p63 gene regulates thymic epithelial cell (TEC) proliferation, whereas FoxN1 regulates their differentiation. However, their collaborative role in the regulation of TEC homeostasis during thymic aging is largely unknown. In murine models, the proportion of TAp63+, but not ΔNp63+, TECs was increased with age, which was associated with an age-related increase in senescent cell clusters, characterized by SA-β-Gal+ and p21+ cells. Intrathymic infusion of exogenous TAp63 cDNA into young wild-type (WT) mice led to an increase in senescent cell clusters. Blockade of TEC differentiation via conditional FoxN1 gene knockout accelerated the appearance of this phenotype to early middle age, whereas intrathymic infusion of exogenous FoxN1 cDNA into aged WT mice brought only a modest reduction in the proportion of TAp63+ TECs, but an increase in ΔNp63+ TECs in the partially rejuvenated thymus. Meanwhile, we found that the increased TAp63+ population contained a high proportion of phosphorylated-p53 TECs, which may be involved in the induction of cellular senescence. Thus, TAp63 levels are positively correlated with TEC senescence but inversely correlated with expression of FoxN1 and FoxN1-regulated TEC differentiation. Thereby, the p63-FoxN1 regulatory axis in regulation of postnatal TEC homeostasis has been revealed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere932
JournalCell Death and Disease
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Conditional FoxN1 knockout
  • Epithelial cell homeostasis
  • Senescence
  • Thymic aging
  • p63/p53 expression

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