Role of coronary myogenic response in pressure-flow autoregulation in swine: A meta-analysis with coronary flow modeling

Gregory M. Dick, Ravi Namani, Bhavesh Patel, Ghassan S. Kassab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myogenic responses (pressure-dependent contractions) of coronary arterioles play a role in autoregulation (relatively constant flow vs. pressure). Publications on myogenic reactivity in swine coronaries vary in caliber, analysis, and degree of responsiveness. Further, data on myogenic responses and autoregulation in swine have not been completely compiled, compared, and modeled. Thus, it has been difficult to understand these physiological phenomena. Our purpose was to: (a) analyze myogenic data with standard criteria; (b) assign results to diameter categories defined by morphometry; and (c) use our novel multiscale flow model to determine the extent to which ex vivo myogenic reactivity can explain autoregulation in vivo. When myogenic responses from the literature are an input for our model, the predicted coronary autoregulation approaches in vivo observations. More complete and appropriate data are now available to investigate the regulation of coronary blood flow in swine, a highly relevant model for human physiology and disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number580
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume9
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 May 2018

Keywords

  • Arteriole
  • Coronary blood flow
  • Microcirculation
  • Myography
  • Smooth muscle

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