Risk of cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease, and stroke in postpartum women and their fetuses after a hypertensive pregnancy

Mark W. Cunningham, Babbette LaMarca

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Women with hypertensive pregnancy complications are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), metabolic diseases, stroke, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) later in life. Pregnancy complications affect not only the mother's long-term health but also the health of the fetus immediately after delivery and into adulthood. The health of the fetus until adulthood can be influenced by developmental programming, in which the fetus is exposed to insults that will ultimately affect the growth of the offspring and increase the offspring's risk of developing hypertension, coronary heart disease, metabolic disease, and chronic kidney disease in adulthood. Preeclampsia, the onset of hypertension during pregnancy, is one of the major risk factors for the development of renal disease, cerebral disease, and CVD in the mother. Women with preeclampsia are at a 5-12-fold increased risk of developing ESRD, 2-fold increased risk of stroke, and 2-fold increased risk of developing CVD later in life. In this review article, we discuss 1) preeclampsia, 2) the risk of developing CVD, renal disease, or stroke later in life for women with hypertensive pregnancies, and 3) the effects of a hypertensive pregnancy on the offspring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R521-R528
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology
Volume315
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • gestational hypertension
  • preeclampsia

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