Right coronary autoregulation in conscious, chronically instrumented dogs

Xiaoming Bian, Arthur G. Williams, Patricia A. Gwirtz, H. Fred Downey

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24 Scopus citations


Right coronary (RC) autoregulation and right ventricular (RV) function were assessed in conscious dogs, chronically instrumented to measure RC flow and RC pressure (RCP) as a hydraulic occluder on the RC was inflated. Dogs were then anesthetized, and RC autoregulation and RV function were again assessed. In the conscious state, moderate RC autoregulation was present with closed loop gains (G(c)) of 0.59-0.27 as RCP was reduced from 100 to 40 mmHg. In the anesthetized state, G(c) was not significantly less than in the conscious state at RCP >50 mmHg. The range and potency of RV autoregulation were greater in both groups than for previously reported findings in anesthetized dogs with RC perfused by an extracorporeal system. RV contractile function was well maintained in conscious and anesthetized dogs at RCP >45 mmHg. We conclude the following: 1) modest RC autoregulation is present in the conscious dog, 2) anesthesia limits the range but not the degree of RC autoregulation, 3) extracorporeal perfusion systems appear to depress RC autoregulation, and 4) RV contractile function remains constant in both conscious and anesthetized dogs until RCP falls below 50 mmHg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H169-H175
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1 44-1
StatePublished - Jul 1998


  • Right coronary circulation
  • Right ventricular function


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