New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Do low-frequency oscillations in arterial pressure and cerebral blood velocity protect cerebral blood velocity and oxygenation during central hypovolaemia? What is the main finding and its importance? Low-frequency oscillations in arterial pressure and cerebral blood velocity attenuate reductions in cerebral oxygen saturation but do not protect absolute cerebral blood velocity during central hypovolaemia. This finding indicates the potential importance of haemodynamic oscillations in maintaining cerebral oxygenation and therefore viability of tissues during challenges to cerebral blood flow and oxygen delivery. Abstract: Tolerance to both real and simulated haemorrhage varies between individuals. Exaggerated low-frequency (∼0.1 Hz) oscillations in mean arterial pressure and brain blood flow [indexed via middle cerebral artery velocity (MCAv)] have been associated with improved tolerance to reduced central blood volume. The mechanism for this association has not been explored. We hypothesized that inducing low-frequency oscillations in arterial pressure and cerebral blood velocity would attenuate reductions in cerebral blood velocity and oxygenation during simulated haemorrhage. Fourteen subjects (11 men and three women) were exposed to oscillatory (0.1 and 0.05 Hz) and non-oscillatory (0 Hz) lower-body negative pressure profiles with an average chamber pressure of −60 mmHg (randomized and counterbalanced order). Measurements included arterial pressure and stroke volume via finger photoplethysmography, MCAv via transcranial Doppler ultrasound, and cerebral oxygenation of the frontal lobe via near-infrared spectroscopy. Tolerance was higher during the two oscillatory profiles compared with the 0 Hz profile (0.05 Hz, P = 0.04; 0.1 Hz, P = 0.09), accompanied by attenuated reductions in stroke volume (P < 0.001) and cerebral oxygenation of the frontal lobe (P ≤ 0.02). No differences were observed between profiles for reductions in mean arterial pressure (P = 0.17) and MCAv (P = 0.30). In partial support of our hypothesis, cerebral oxygenation, but not cerebral blood velocity, was protected during the oscillatory profiles. Interestingly, more subjects tolerated the oscillatory profiles compared with the static 0 Hz profile, despite similar arterial pressure responses. These findings emphasize the potential importance of haemodynamic oscillations in maintaining perfusion and oxygenation of cerebral tissues during haemorrhagic stress.
- cerebral blood flow
- cerebral oxygen saturation
- oscillatory lower-body negative pressure