Resource utilization and work or school loss reported by patients with diabetes: Experience in diabetes training programs

John C. Licciardone, James G. Kotsanos, Valerie Brinkman-Kaplan, Tamara Cooper, Jack E. Jordan, Kathleen L. Wishner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabetes exerts a major economic impact on health-care in the United States both in terms of direct and indirect costs. Diabetes management and education programs designed to assist patients in achieving more optimal glycemic control represent a potential mechanism for reducing the morbidity and costs associated with diabetes. The relationships between HbA1c and patient hospitalizations and between HbA1c and days lost from work or school related to diabetes within the past year were evaluated. A cohort of 2359 patients with diabetes (188 type I, 2171 type II) referred to a comprehensive diabetes self-management training program was included in the analyses. Overall, 350 (14.8%) patients reported hospitalization, and 212 (9.0%) reported days lost from work or school. Patients with type I diabetes reported more hospitalizations (26.1% vs 13.9%) and days lost (19.2% vs 8.1%) than type II patients. For the hospitalization outcome, the multivariate analyses indicated that younger age, the number of co-morbidities, and the duration of diabetes exerted a greater influence on the reported numbers of hospitalization than glycemic control. For the days lost outcome, the multivariate analyses indicated that there was a marginally significant association between patients with poor glycemic control and reported work or school loss related to diabetes (odds ratio = 1.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-2.2). These data suggest that interventions that improve glycemic control may decrease indirect costs related to diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-782
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Volume3
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 1997

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