Correlations between tension responses elicited with acetylcholine (ACh) and high K+ and corresponding alterations in Ca++ mobilization were obtained in rabbit and canine tracheal smooth muscle. Removal of Ca++ or preincubation with D-600 (50 μM) inhibited responses to K+ (50 or 80 mM) and low ACh (89 nM) and had only a small effect on responses to high ACh (8.9 μM). Conversely, solutions containing Sr++ instead of Ca++ inhibited responses to both concentrations of ACh to a greater degree than were those to K+. Washout of slow component 45Ca into a O-Ca solution was more rapid in rabbit trachea than reported previously for rabbit aorta. Washout of tracheal smooth muscle into an 80.8 mM La+++-substituted solution at 0.5°C removed superficial (La+++-accessible) 45Ca and blocked both 45Ca uptake and most 45Ca efflux. D-600, which had no significant effect on control 45Ca uptake in rabbit aortic smooth muscle, decreased 45Ca uptake by 33% in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle. The uptake of 45Ca from the Ca++ binding sites with low affinity for Ca++ was increased by 80 mM K+, 50 mM K+ or 8.9 μM ACh, and the accumulation of Ca++ from the Ca++ binding sites with high affinity for 45Ca was inhibited by Sr++. The stronger effect of either Ca++ removal or D-600 on responses to K+ and the correspondingly greater effect of Sr++ on responses to ACh indicate that different Ca++ stores are present in tracheal smooth muscle. These Ca++ components appear to be qualitatively similar to those present in aortic smooth muscle but they differ quantitatively and are not as readily dissociated as are aortic Ca++ components.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1985|