Relationship between 45Ca movements, different calcium components and responses to acetylcholine and potassium in tracheal smooth muscle

G. B. Weiss, Iok-Hou Pang, F. R. Goodman

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Abstract

Correlations between tension responses elicited with acetylcholine (ACh) and high K+ and corresponding alterations in Ca++ mobilization were obtained in rabbit and canine tracheal smooth muscle. Removal of Ca++ or preincubation with D-600 (50 μM) inhibited responses to K+ (50 or 80 mM) and low ACh (89 nM) and had only a small effect on responses to high ACh (8.9 μM). Conversely, solutions containing Sr++ instead of Ca++ inhibited responses to both concentrations of ACh to a greater degree than were those to K+. Washout of slow component 45Ca into a O-Ca solution was more rapid in rabbit trachea than reported previously for rabbit aorta. Washout of tracheal smooth muscle into an 80.8 mM La+++-substituted solution at 0.5°C removed superficial (La+++-accessible) 45Ca and blocked both 45Ca uptake and most 45Ca efflux. D-600, which had no significant effect on control 45Ca uptake in rabbit aortic smooth muscle, decreased 45Ca uptake by 33% in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle. The uptake of 45Ca from the Ca++ binding sites with low affinity for Ca++ was increased by 80 mM K+, 50 mM K+ or 8.9 μM ACh, and the accumulation of Ca++ from the Ca++ binding sites with high affinity for 45Ca was inhibited by Sr++. The stronger effect of either Ca++ removal or D-600 on responses to K+ and the correspondingly greater effect of Sr++ on responses to ACh indicate that different Ca++ stores are present in tracheal smooth muscle. These Ca++ components appear to be qualitatively similar to those present in aortic smooth muscle but they differ quantitatively and are not as readily dissociated as are aortic Ca++ components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume233
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1985

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Acetylcholine
Smooth Muscle
Potassium
Gallopamil
Calcium
Rabbits
Binding Sites
Trachea
Aorta
Canidae

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between 45Ca movements, different calcium components and responses to acetylcholine and potassium in tracheal smooth muscle",
abstract = "Correlations between tension responses elicited with acetylcholine (ACh) and high K+ and corresponding alterations in Ca++ mobilization were obtained in rabbit and canine tracheal smooth muscle. Removal of Ca++ or preincubation with D-600 (50 μM) inhibited responses to K+ (50 or 80 mM) and low ACh (89 nM) and had only a small effect on responses to high ACh (8.9 μM). Conversely, solutions containing Sr++ instead of Ca++ inhibited responses to both concentrations of ACh to a greater degree than were those to K+. Washout of slow component 45Ca into a O-Ca solution was more rapid in rabbit trachea than reported previously for rabbit aorta. Washout of tracheal smooth muscle into an 80.8 mM La+++-substituted solution at 0.5°C removed superficial (La+++-accessible) 45Ca and blocked both 45Ca uptake and most 45Ca efflux. D-600, which had no significant effect on control 45Ca uptake in rabbit aortic smooth muscle, decreased 45Ca uptake by 33{\%} in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle. The uptake of 45Ca from the Ca++ binding sites with low affinity for Ca++ was increased by 80 mM K+, 50 mM K+ or 8.9 μM ACh, and the accumulation of Ca++ from the Ca++ binding sites with high affinity for 45Ca was inhibited by Sr++. The stronger effect of either Ca++ removal or D-600 on responses to K+ and the correspondingly greater effect of Sr++ on responses to ACh indicate that different Ca++ stores are present in tracheal smooth muscle. These Ca++ components appear to be qualitatively similar to those present in aortic smooth muscle but they differ quantitatively and are not as readily dissociated as are aortic Ca++ components.",
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AU - Pang, Iok-Hou

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N2 - Correlations between tension responses elicited with acetylcholine (ACh) and high K+ and corresponding alterations in Ca++ mobilization were obtained in rabbit and canine tracheal smooth muscle. Removal of Ca++ or preincubation with D-600 (50 μM) inhibited responses to K+ (50 or 80 mM) and low ACh (89 nM) and had only a small effect on responses to high ACh (8.9 μM). Conversely, solutions containing Sr++ instead of Ca++ inhibited responses to both concentrations of ACh to a greater degree than were those to K+. Washout of slow component 45Ca into a O-Ca solution was more rapid in rabbit trachea than reported previously for rabbit aorta. Washout of tracheal smooth muscle into an 80.8 mM La+++-substituted solution at 0.5°C removed superficial (La+++-accessible) 45Ca and blocked both 45Ca uptake and most 45Ca efflux. D-600, which had no significant effect on control 45Ca uptake in rabbit aortic smooth muscle, decreased 45Ca uptake by 33% in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle. The uptake of 45Ca from the Ca++ binding sites with low affinity for Ca++ was increased by 80 mM K+, 50 mM K+ or 8.9 μM ACh, and the accumulation of Ca++ from the Ca++ binding sites with high affinity for 45Ca was inhibited by Sr++. The stronger effect of either Ca++ removal or D-600 on responses to K+ and the correspondingly greater effect of Sr++ on responses to ACh indicate that different Ca++ stores are present in tracheal smooth muscle. These Ca++ components appear to be qualitatively similar to those present in aortic smooth muscle but they differ quantitatively and are not as readily dissociated as are aortic Ca++ components.

AB - Correlations between tension responses elicited with acetylcholine (ACh) and high K+ and corresponding alterations in Ca++ mobilization were obtained in rabbit and canine tracheal smooth muscle. Removal of Ca++ or preincubation with D-600 (50 μM) inhibited responses to K+ (50 or 80 mM) and low ACh (89 nM) and had only a small effect on responses to high ACh (8.9 μM). Conversely, solutions containing Sr++ instead of Ca++ inhibited responses to both concentrations of ACh to a greater degree than were those to K+. Washout of slow component 45Ca into a O-Ca solution was more rapid in rabbit trachea than reported previously for rabbit aorta. Washout of tracheal smooth muscle into an 80.8 mM La+++-substituted solution at 0.5°C removed superficial (La+++-accessible) 45Ca and blocked both 45Ca uptake and most 45Ca efflux. D-600, which had no significant effect on control 45Ca uptake in rabbit aortic smooth muscle, decreased 45Ca uptake by 33% in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle. The uptake of 45Ca from the Ca++ binding sites with low affinity for Ca++ was increased by 80 mM K+, 50 mM K+ or 8.9 μM ACh, and the accumulation of Ca++ from the Ca++ binding sites with high affinity for 45Ca was inhibited by Sr++. The stronger effect of either Ca++ removal or D-600 on responses to K+ and the correspondingly greater effect of Sr++ on responses to ACh indicate that different Ca++ stores are present in tracheal smooth muscle. These Ca++ components appear to be qualitatively similar to those present in aortic smooth muscle but they differ quantitatively and are not as readily dissociated as are aortic Ca++ components.

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