Renomedullary tissue has been proposed to exert an antihypertensive endocrine-like action. The antihypertensive polar renomedullary lipids (APRL) and neutral renomedullary lipids (ANRL) are potential mediators of this action. We evaluated the blood pressure and regional hemodynamic responses to APRL administered peripherally (i.v.) and to the central nervous system (CNS) in normal rats and rats with sinoaortic deafferentation (SAD) to remove baroreflex buffering. Rats were chronically instrumented with Doppler flow probes for measurement of mesenteric, renal, and hindquarter vascular resistance, with arterial pressure and intravenous catheters, and with lateral cerebroventricular cannuli for intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration. Intravenous APRL (0.01 to 1.0 μg) produced a dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure, tachycardia, and dilation of all vascular beds studied. The dose-response relationships were shifted to the left in SAD animals. APRL administered i.c.v. had no effect on intact or SAD rats. Pressor and regional vasoconstrictor responses to norepinephrine, angiotensin, and vasopressin were markedly reduced in SAD animals during constant infusion of APRL. In a second group of conscious SAD animals instrumented for blood pressure and heart rate measurements, intravenous ANRL (500pig) decreased both arterial pressure (−45 ± 16 mm Hg) and heart rate (−5 0 ± 16bpm). When given i.c.v., however, ANRL (10-100 μg) had no significant effect on resting blood pressure or heart rate. These studies suggest that APRL and ANRL produce no significant cardiovascular effects that are mediated through the CNS. However, both lipids are potent depressor agents, and APRL exhibits a strong peripheral vasodilator action and nonspecificallv reduces reactivity to vasoconstrictor agents.
- Angiotensin II
- Blood pressure regulation
- Central nervous system action
- Sinoaortic deafferentation
- Vascular resistance