Region-Specific Changes in Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Channel Expression in the Vasopressin Magnocellular System in Hepatic Cirrhosis-Induced Hyponatraemia

T. P. Nedungadi, F. R. Carreño, J. D. Walch, C. S. Bathina, J. T. Cunningham

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study aimed to measure the expression of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in the magnocellular neurones of the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON) in an animal model of hepatic cirrhosis associated with inappropriate vasopressin (AVP) release. In these studies, we used chronic bile duct ligation (BDL) in the rat, which is a commonly used model of hepatic cirrhosis, associated with elevated plasma AVP. The present study tested the hypothesis that changes in TRP vanilloid (TRPV) channel expression may be related to inappropriate AVP release in BDL rats. To test our hypothesis, we utilised laser capture microdissection of AVP neurones in the PVN and SON and western blot analysis from brain punches. Laser capture microdissection and quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated elevated TRPV2 mRNA in the PVN and SON of BDL compared to sham-ligated controls. AVP transcription was also increased as determined using intron specific primers to measure heteronuclear RNA. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated increased AVP and TRPV2 positive cells in both the PVN and SON after BDL. Also, there was an increased co-expression of TRPV2 and AVP cells after BDL. However, there was no change in the colocalisation counts of TRPV2 and oxytocin in both the magnocellular regions evaluated. In the SON but not the PVN, the transcription levels of TRPV4 were also significantly increased in BDL rats. Western blot analysis of punches containing the PVN and SON revealed that TRPV2 protein content was significantly increased in these brain regions in BDL rats compared to sham rats. Our data suggest that regionally specific changes in TRPV expression in the magnocellular neurosecretory cell AVP neurones could alter their osmosensing ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-652
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Bile duct ligation
  • Laser capture microdissection
  • TRPV
  • Vasopressin

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