Recombinatioin of haplotypes leads to biased estimates of admixture proportions in human populations

R. Chakraborty, P. E. Smouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


A population formed by genetic admixture of two or more source populations may exhibit considerable linkage disequilibrium between genetic loci. In the presence of recombination, this linkage disequilibrium declines with time, a fact that is often ignored when considering haplotypes of closely linked systems [e.g., Gm serum group (gamma globulins), HLA, and, more recently, restriction fragment length polymorphisms]. Recombination alters haplotype frequencies over time, and the haplotype-derived measures of admixture proportions from haplotype frequencies in generations following the admixture event become progressively more biased. The direction and extent of this bias can be predicted only when the history of admixture is known. Numerical illustration suggests that this bias is problematic whenever rt > 0.05, where r is the recombination rate between linked loci and t is the time (in generations) that has elapsed since the admixture event. In general, even the haplotype frequencies defined by multiple restriction fragment length polymorphisms should be used with caution for admixture analysis. When recombination rates or the time since admixture are not precisely known, it is advantageous to consider each restriction fragment length polymorphism site separately for admixture analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3071-3074
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1988


Dive into the research topics of 'Recombinatioin of haplotypes leads to biased estimates of admixture proportions in human populations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this