Readiness to change among a group of heavy-drinking college students: Correlates of readiness and a comparison of measures

T. Robert Harris, Scott T. Walters, Matthew M. Leahy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Although several multi-item scales assess readiness to change alcohol consumption, some researchers have proposed that a small number of single-item rulers may assess readiness nearly as well. Participants: In fall 2006 and spring 2007, the authors assessed 279 participants who reported at least 1 heavy drinking episode in the 2 weeks prior to the survey. Methods: The authors compared answers from the Readiness to Change Questionnaire with rulers measuring importance and confidence regarding change. Results: Importance correlated strongly with readiness to change, whereas confidence correlated negatively and less strongly with readiness. The validity of the importance ruler as a proxy for readiness was supported by its correlations with several measures of patterns of alcohol use, as well as its precursors and consequences. Conclusions: Given the strong correlation between the importance ruler and the Readiness to Change score, this method may have practical utility as a brief assessment tool. Adding confidence as a second dimension slightly improved the ability to predict readiness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-330
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2008

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • College
  • Drinking
  • Motivation

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