Hepatic cell-specific expression of the human apolipoprotein B (apoB) gene is controlled by at least four cis-acting elements located between positions -128 and +122 [Chuang, S. S., and Das, H. K. (1996) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 220, 553-562]. A negative cis-acting element (+20 to +40) is located in the first nontranslated exon of the human apoB gene, and apoB regulatory factor-3 (BRF-3) interacts with this. In this paper, we report the purification and characterization of BRF-3 from rat liver nuclear extracts. BRF-3 has been purified to apparent homogeneity by DEAE-cellulose, heparin-agarose, and DNA-specific affinity chromatography. Purified BRF-3 produced two polypeptide bands with apparent molecular masses of 70 kDa and 67 kDa in SDS/PAGE as detected by silver staining. Both 70-kDa and 67-kDa proteins have been found to hybridize specifically with labeled double- stranded oligonucleotide containing BRF-3 binding site in a South-Western blot. Double-stranded oligonucleotide containing mutations in the BRF-3 binding site was found to abolish DNA binding by these two proteins. Amino acid sequences of tryptic peptides derived from affinity purified 70-kDa and 67-kDa rat BRF-3 proteins were found to have 100% sequence homologies with DNA topoisomerase I. These data suggest that the 70-kDa and 67-kDa forms of BRF-3 are derived by proteolytic cleavage of topoisomerase I, and therefore, topoisomerase I may play an important role in transcriptional regulation of apoB.
- Apolipoprotein B
- Topoisomerase I