Psychosocial Differences in High Risk Versus Low Risk Acute Low-Back Pain Patients

Carla B. Pulliam, Robert J. Gatchel, Margaret A. Gardea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study built upon previous research that predicted with 90.7% accuracy which patients presenting with acute low-back pain go on to develop chronic disability problems. Fifty-seven patients were classified as high risk (HR) or low risk (LR) according to a predictive algorithm, and were evaluated with a variety of psychosocial measures. Overall, HR patients had more Axis I pathology than LR patients, and used poorer coping styles. Logistic regression analyses identified variables that differentiated, with 80% accuracy, between the HR and LR patients. The results highlight the importance of identifying patients who are at risk for developing chronic pain following acute injury so that prophylactic intervention can be offered before chronic pain disability status becomes entrenched.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-52
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2001

Keywords

  • Biopsychosocial perspective
  • High and low risk patients
  • Low-back pain
  • Psychosocial assessment

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Psychosocial Differences in High Risk Versus Low Risk Acute Low-Back Pain Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this