Protective behavioral strategies are more helpful for avoiding alcohol-related problems for college drinkers who drink less

Xiaoyin Li, Nickeisha Clarke, Su Young Kim, Anne E. Ray, Scott T. Walters, Eun Young Mun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine race, gender, and alcohol use level as moderators of the association between protective behavioral strategies (PBS) and alcohol-related problems. Participants: A sample of 12,011 participants who reported recent drinking (87.7% White, 61% Women) from Project INTEGRATE, a study that combined individual participant data (IPD) from 24 brief motivational intervention trials for college students. Methods: Hierarchical regressions were conducted to determine whether there was a moderated effect of PBS on alcohol problems across alcohol use levels, and whether the moderated protective effect of PBS by alcohol use differed by gender and race. Results: The protective association between PBS and alcohol-related problems was greater for those who drank less. This moderated effect did not differ across men and women or across racial groups. Conclusions: College drinking prevention programs should ensure that students are aware of the limits of PBS as a mitigator of alcohol problems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of American College Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • brief intervention
  • college student drinking
  • integrative data analysis
  • protective behavioral strategies

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