Prevention of hip lag screw cut-out by cement augmentation: Description of a new technique and preliminary clinical results

Marek Szpalski, Pierre Yves Descamps, Jean Pierre Hayez, Emmanuel Raad, Robert Gunzburg, Tony S. Keller, Victor Kosmopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cement augmentation of hip lag screws to avoid cut-out displacement is classically described, along with a number of technical drawbacks. In a series of six elderly patients with hip fractures in osteoporotic bone, we illustrate catheter-assisted delivery of limited amounts of a new bisphenol-a-glycidyl dimethacrylate (bis-GMA)-based composite into hip compression screw threads, enabling significant increase in insertional torque compared with unaugmented screws. In two patients, unaugmented screws that did not initially purchase were tightened with a minimum torque of 1 N-m after augmenting with bis-GMA-based composite. No screw or femoral head displacement relative to baseline (2 days postoperative) was seen in any patient on serial x-rays taken up to 6 months after surgery. This technique adds approximately 10 minutes to surgery time. Advantages of bis-GMA-based composite over traditional PMMA augmentation include mixing on-demand, the ability to make repeated injections over extended periods in the event of femoral head perforations (in one patient in this series), precise placement of adequately small volumes of material, and a lower exotherm. Potentially, this bis-GMA-based composite may reduce the frequency of cut-out complications by enhancing bone-implant interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

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Keywords

  • Bone void filler
  • Cement augmentation
  • Sliding compression screw fixation
  • Trochanteric fractures
  • bis-GMA

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